White papers

Signal Processing COTS Standards

 

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The Electronic Warfare operating environment is unique because a system latency difference measured in nanoseconds can mean the difference between mission success or failure. This paper describes how COTS technologies are pushing, the frontiers of the possible in EW. [Continue reading →]

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Modern day processors for imaging, radar, and other sensors are complex systems each unique with diverse processing requirements per company, platform, sensor, and application. A common feature is that these systems require high bandwidth and high performance signal processing. Such is now readily available with advances in FPGA capabilities as well as their programmability, the incorporation of embedded graphical processors, the increasing number of cores with vector units, and the high bandwidth of PCI Express and multi-Gigabit Ethernet.

Another common feature is that as the flexibility and power of these sensor systems has appreciated, so has the complexity of their software control. It is not uncommon for the architecture of embedded imaging and other sensor systems to have a framework of multiple software executables for the interface, data, and control processing.[Continue reading →]

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This paper examines scalability of computational performance with the Intel(r) Sandy Bridge multicore architecture, particularly when used on Mercury processor boards. We look specifically at two device types, an 8-core Xeon (E5-2648L clocked at 1.8 GHz) and a 4-core Core i7 (2715QE clocked at 2.1 GHz). These are relatively low-power devices which are suitable for use on embedded processor boards.[Continue reading →]

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GPUDirect support for RDMA provides low latency interconnectivity between NVIDIA GPUs and various networking, storage, & FPGA devices. This white paper will include how CUDA 5 technology increases GPU autonomy and promotes multi-GPU topologies with high GPU-to-CPU ratios. In addition to improved bandwidth and latency, the resulting increase in GFLOPS/watt poses a significant impact to both HPC & embedded applications. We will dig into scalable PCIe switch hierarchies, as well as software infrastructure to manage device interoperability & GPUDirect streaming.[Continue reading →]

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VITA 46, 48, and 65: The Next Generation VME system replacement. VITA 46 is the VPX base electrical and mechanical specification. VITA 48 is the VPX REDI cooling spec. VITA 65 is Open VPX. Open VPX was the industry's attempt to bring order to chaos. Open VPX methodically defines a system of profiles that would fully explain the interactions between the backplane and plug-in modules. The profiles are the physical mapping of resources in the system. This information can then be used to determine compatibility.[Continue reading →]

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This paper describes and illustrates some of the many applications for which the GE Intelligent Platforms ICS-8580 rugged video processor is an ideal solution for unmanned vehicle platforms -- in the air, on the ground and in the water.[Continue reading →]

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Mezzanine carrier cards have been used in system designs for many years, and will continue to play an integral part, especially as the performance of processor cards continue to increase in the future. This white paper will discuss the many uses of carrier cards designed specifically for VPX and OpenVPX systems. First, let's define what we mean by a mezzanine carrier card. In some system designer's vernacular, a mezzanine carrier card can be defined as any card that can host a mezzanine. Although one can take this simple approach, we will be bit more restrictive in our definition. In this white paper, we will refer to a mezzanine carrier card as a card that can host one or more mezzanines but does not provide any processing function. The processing function or control of the mezzanine is provided by another card in the system. Stated another way, the mezzanine carrier is used to host a mezzanine which is then controlled and used by a "processor" card in the system. Hence, we could refer to the mezzanine carrier as being "dumb".[Continue reading →]

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Intel(r) 3-D processor technology brings a new dimension of processing to the embedded computing space and comes with a great deal of improvements. What are the most important benefits for embedded appliances and how can engineers deploy them most efficiently?[Continue reading →]

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Whether they're powering a map-sensor payload for a Global Hawk UAV or a man-pack radio system for a soldier on the move, custom computer solutions have to be small and lightweight. Oh, and while you're at it, make them ruggedized, constant in temperature, power efficient, and inexpensive.

Military contractors have been trying to solve this puzzle for years, but in almost every application, they are forced to make some tradeoffs. To meet these stringent demands, engineers have created a clever solution — modular embedded computing platforms that allow customers to design their own customized machines.[Continue reading →]

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VITA 46, 48, and 65: The Next Generation VME system replacement. VITA 46 is the VPX base electrical and mechanical specification. VITA 48 is the VPX REDI cooling spec. VITA 65 is Open VPX. Open VPX was the industry's attempt to bring order to chaos. Open VPX methodically defines a system of profiles that would fully explain the interactions between the backplane and plug-in modules. The profiles are the physical mapping of resources in the system. This information can then be used to determine compatibility.[Continue reading →]

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Mezzanine carrier cards have been used in system designs for many years, and will continue to play an integral part, especially as the performance of processor cards continue to increase in the future. This white paper will discuss the many uses of carrier cards designed specifically for VPX and OpenVPX systems. First, let's define what we mean by a mezzanine carrier card. In some system designer's vernacular, a mezzanine carrier card can be defined as any card that can host a mezzanine. Although one can take this simple approach, we will be bit more restrictive in our definition. In this white paper, we will refer to a mezzanine carrier card as a card that can host one or more mezzanines but does not provide any processing function. The processing function or control of the mezzanine is provided by another card in the system. Stated another way, the mezzanine carrier is used to host a mezzanine which is then controlled and used by a "processor" card in the system. Hence, we could refer to the mezzanine carrier as being "dumb".[Continue reading →]

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Intel(r) 3-D processor technology brings a new dimension of processing to the embedded computing space and comes with a great deal of improvements. What are the most important benefits for embedded appliances and how can engineers deploy them most efficiently?[Continue reading →]

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The 2nd generation Intel(r) Core(tm) processor family brings huge improvements in processing power, graphics performance and power consumption. Further enhancements to power and a smaller footprint make it the ideal choice in 2011 for upgrading nearly all existing x86 platforms. But what is it exactly that makes the new processors so attractive?[Continue reading →]

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Whether they're powering a map-sensor payload for a Global Hawk UAV or a man-pack radio system for a soldier on the move, custom computer solutions have to be small and lightweight. Oh, and while you're at it, make them ruggedized, constant in temperature, power efficient, and inexpensive.

Military contractors have been trying to solve this puzzle for years, but in almost every application, they are forced to make some tradeoffs. To meet these stringent demands, engineers have created a clever solution — modular embedded computing platforms that allow customers to design their own customized machines.[Continue reading →]

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Intel(r) 3-D processor technology brings a new dimension of processing to the embedded computing space and comes with a great deal of improvements. What are the most important benefits for embedded appliances and how can engineers deploy them most efficiently?[Continue reading →]

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OpenVPX

 
 

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This paper examines scalability of computational performance with the Intel(r) Sandy Bridge multicore architecture, particularly when used on Mercury processor boards. We look specifically at two device types, an 8-core Xeon (E5-2648L clocked at 1.8 GHz) and a 4-core Core i7 (2715QE clocked at 2.1 GHz). These are relatively low-power devices which are suitable for use on embedded processor boards.[Continue reading →]

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VITA 46, 48, and 65: The Next Generation VME system replacement. VITA 46 is the VPX base electrical and mechanical specification. VITA 48 is the VPX REDI cooling spec. VITA 65 is Open VPX. Open VPX was the industry's attempt to bring order to chaos. Open VPX methodically defines a system of profiles that would fully explain the interactions between the backplane and plug-in modules. The profiles are the physical mapping of resources in the system. This information can then be used to determine compatibility.[Continue reading →]

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This paper describes and illustrates some of the many applications for which the GE Intelligent Platforms ICS-8580 rugged video processor is an ideal solution for unmanned vehicle platforms -- in the air, on the ground and in the water.[Continue reading →]

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Mezzanine carrier cards have been used in system designs for many years, and will continue to play an integral part, especially as the performance of processor cards continue to increase in the future. This white paper will discuss the many uses of carrier cards designed specifically for VPX and OpenVPX systems. First, let's define what we mean by a mezzanine carrier card. In some system designer's vernacular, a mezzanine carrier card can be defined as any card that can host a mezzanine. Although one can take this simple approach, we will be bit more restrictive in our definition. In this white paper, we will refer to a mezzanine carrier card as a card that can host one or more mezzanines but does not provide any processing function. The processing function or control of the mezzanine is provided by another card in the system. Stated another way, the mezzanine carrier is used to host a mezzanine which is then controlled and used by a "processor" card in the system. Hence, we could refer to the mezzanine carrier as being "dumb".[Continue reading →]

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In 1999, a proposal for next-generation I/O was introduced by Intel®, Microsoft® and Sun Microsystems® (now Oracle®). The collective goal was to define an optimal server and storage architecture. The resulting specification, known as System I/O, was released in October 2000. Today, this is known as InfiniBand. This white paper will explore the merits of this architecture as well as methods of optimizing its use.

Key applications for rugged multi core CPUs with high speed performance I/O include land vehicles, UAVs, RADAR, synthetic aperture RADAR (SAR), SONAR, and image fusion, as well as targeting and tracking applications [Continue reading →]

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Recent initiatives to increase the performance and flexibility of modular platforms aimed at high-performance embedded computing (HPEC) are bearing fruit by enabling board and system designers to use high-speed switched fabrics from mainstream high-performance computing (HPC) markets to maximize performance, reduce technical risk and shorten time to solution for advanced military and aerospace applications.

This white paper explores how system integrators can leverage the switched fabric networking technologies found in HPC systems in the development of military and aerospace applications. [Continue reading →]

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Military and aerospace sector reaps benefits from consumer-led technology developments. The military and aerospace market may be said to have started this situation, first as far back as the late-1970s with the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) that laid the groundwork for the packet-switch networks that, in turn, form the basis of today's Internet, then again with the 1980s Very High-Speed Integrated Circuits (VHSIC) program that established the blueprints for semiconductor design and manufacturing.[Continue reading →]

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High-performance Element Processing Architecture can now be employed as a basis for large array radar systems, enabling system designers to increase levels of digitization by using open standards based hardware. The advent of OpenVPX and its flexible and scalable architecture now makes it possible for military system integrators to improve total cost of ownership of radar systems.[Continue reading →]

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In recent years there has been a market and technology trend towards the convergence of network infrastructure into a common platform or modular components that support multiple network elements and functions such as application processing, control processing, packet processing, and signal processing.[Continue reading →]

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High-performance, deterministic response, scalability, and future flexibility are all part of a TCA solution, delivering a strong combination of technical and business advantages.[Continue reading →]

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Advances in technology have brought with them ever-increasing demands for more compute power in multiple application areas. Many, but not all, of these high-performance applications are related to telecommunications, and they face similar computing problems: [Continue reading →]

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Signal Processing Types

 

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Maxim's Pocket IO PLC Development Platform provides designers and industrial engineers the flexibility to experiment, to find the best solution for reduced power dissipation and small form factors in PLC designs.[Continue reading →]

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Latency, or the time between input and output, can be very important, depending on the application. For processing of communications intelligence (COMINT) like audio conversations, text data and the like, relatively long latency is tolerable. For applications like Radar and Electronic Warfare (especially Digital Radio Frequency Memory or DRFM), just a small amount of latency is problematic, due to the necessity of quick response times.

Similarly, these demanding applications require very high bandwidth (throughput) due to the volume of data involved. Low latency without high bandwidth (and vice versa) is a waste of performance, as it won’t deliver mission success.[Continue reading →]

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To perceive is to assign meaning to what we see, hear, touch, taste and smell. Similarly, perceptual computing offers users a more natural way to interact with machines. Today's platforms have the ability to go well beyond simple facial recognition, which is becoming quite common today as a way to replace passwords. In fact, recent developments in software technology made practical by advanced graphics processing units (GPUs) are expanding perceptual computing to new levels of functionality in embedded applications.[Continue reading →]

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It is the purpose of this primer to instead describe digital oscilloscopes, which have for practical purposes replaced their analog predecessors in the vast majority of applications. Covered here is a short description of the oscilloscope's origins, its transition from analog to digital, types of digital oscilloscopes and their major subsystems, key benchmark specifications, and measurements.

Whether analog or digital, the oscilloscope is a versatile piece of test equipment. Even though its basic function is to measure and display voltage, its capabilities are vastly greater. They range from automation of the measurements described here, as well as signal detection and analysis in commercial and defense systems, and a wide array of others.[Continue reading →]

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Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is no longer relegated to the realm of the specialist. A new class of CFD analysis software is proving to be highly effective at performing heat transfer analysis, enabling mechanical engineers to accelerate key decisions at their workstations and without the need for CFD specialists. Embedded into the MCAD environment, this intuitive process allows designers to optimize a product during the design stages reducing manufacturing costs across a wide range of mechanical designs and systems.[Continue reading →]

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Photovoltaic (PV) power systems, including solar power inverters, are expected to operate reliably and at full rated output for a minimum of 25 years, so they need highly efficient inverters that run cooler, last longer and generate cash savings for the PV system manufacturer and user. Download this white paper from Silicon Labs to find out how advanced digital isolation technologies boost solar power inverter reliability.[Continue reading →]

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This white paper discusses the behavior of the Intel Core i7 processor, as implemented on the Curtiss-Wright Controls Embedded Computing multi-processor CHAMP-AV series products at elevated temperatures, and how to take advantage of board features to maximize the performance potential of the system.[Continue reading →]

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With mission critical software, development teams are tasked with looking for ways to accelerate innovation, improve product value, and lower software change costs. This white paper shows how Deos™, a time and space partitioned RTOS, allows this by providing the ability to decompose the software system into discrete, separately verified, binary re-useable components. In short, Deos provides tools and technologies to help a development team reduce the fear of post deployment changes and improvements that often grip mission critical projects.[Continue reading →]

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In this paper, we will compare a software-based motion control system using KINGSTAR soft Motion to the traditional approach of using DSP-based hardware that plugs into the motherboard of your PC. We will show that the software-based servo performance is equivalent to or better than the DSP solution, with a number of advantages compared to hardware at a very affordable price. [Continue reading →]

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With the RTO-K17/RTE-K17 High Definition Option the user will see more signal details with up to 16 bit vertical resolution. In combination with the superior analog front end of the RTO and RTE, the user has a versatile instrument in his hands to analyze a wide range of applications. From Switch Mode Power Supplies to Radar RF, the user can inspect all with one scope.[Continue reading →]

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SDR (Software-Defined Radio) has revolutionized electronic systems for a variety of applications including communications, data acquisition and signal processing. This handbook shows how DDCs (Digital Downconverters) and DUCs (Digital Upconverters), the fundamental building blocks of SDR, can replace legacy analog receiver and transmitter designs while offering significant benefits in performance, density and cost.[Continue reading →]

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An A/D (Analog-to-Digital) converter, frequently abbreviated as ADC, accepts an analog voltage at the input and produces a digital representation of that voltage at the output that's called a "sample". The two primary characteristics of A/Ds are the rate of conversion or sampling rate, expressed in samples per second, and the accuracy of each digital sample expressed as the number of binary bits or decimal digits per sample.[Continue reading →]

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An A/D (Analog-to-Digital) converter, frequently abbreviated as ADC, accepts an analog voltage at the input and produces a digital representation of that voltage at the output that’s called a "sample".

The two primary characteristics of A/Ds are the rate of conversion or sampling rate, expressed in samples per second, and the accuracy of each digital sample expressed as the number of binary bits or decimal digits per sample.[Continue reading →]

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The industrial landscape is in transformation, with systems becoming smarter, more flexible and connected as part of the Internet of Things (IoT). More than just Internet-enabled, intelligent industrial systems are sharing data in real-time and moving the world closer to Industry 4.0, a concept coined by a Germany-based group of experts in science and industry.[Continue reading →]

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This paper will outline some of the major Industrial Ethernet communications protocols in use today, and then present an example implementation of an open source protocol (Ethernet POWERLINK) implemented on an FPGA.[Continue reading →]

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When choosing a processing for multimedia, display and IoT applications, the three primary considerations are: processing power, multimedia requirements and interfaces with other systems. Designers must choose processors carefully, considering how their systems interface with human beings comfortable with a data-rich, multimedia world, especially as rising end-user expectations now directly influence embedded designs. This white paper will detail those considerations, looking at the trade-offs involved, so designers can make the most informed decisions.[Continue reading →]

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Increased competition, more dense designs and integration of different technologies in a small space combined with market regulatory pressures are creating new challenges for original equipment manufacturers. As a result, implementing the necessary transient immunity protections to prevent application malfunction due to transients on power and signal lines is becoming ever more challenging. The impact of increasing microcontroller (MCU) sensitivity and low-cost application design is being felt in all markets: consumer, industrial, automotive, etc. While there are significant differences in the design and use of products for these markets, the susceptibilities induced in all microcontroller-based applications are essentially the same. Typical susceptibilities include unexpected state changes on input pins (reset, interrupt request, or general purpose inputs) and corruption of on-chip clock signals, which can all cause various operational issues on the design itself, in addition to resulting in failure to meet regional compliance regulations for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).[Continue reading →]

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This White Paper describes the implementation of the Rohde & Schwarz (R&S) FSVR’s realtime capabilities. It shows fields of application as well as the technical implementation. The measurement speed available in today's spectrum analyzers is the result of a long evolution. But one property has survived all evolution steps: even the R&S FSV does not detect signals between the end of one sweep and the start of the next one. This gap in data acquisition, the so called "blind time", has decreased with each new spectrum analyzer generation, but it is still present.

The keys to a real-time spectrum analyzer are: · Parallel sampling and FFT calculation: The data acquisition continues while the FFTs are performed. · Fast processing of FFT algorithms: The computation speed must be high enough to avoid that "stacks" of unprocessed data are being built up. Slow FFT computation will result in an overflow of the capture memory and a subsequent data loss (= a new blind time).[Continue reading →]

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The Symmetricom(r) QUANTUM(tm) Chip Scale Atomic Clock (SA.45s CSAC) delivers the accuracy and stability of an atomic clock to portable applications for the first time. That means that when it comes to the next era in atomic timekeeping, the clock is already running.[Continue reading →]

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This application note along with its corresponding white paper 1MA207 show how to use the Rohde and Schwarz radar product portfolio to tackle test and measurement tasks in modern radar technology. Target groups are students who want to become familiar with radar issues as well as radar professionals who want to solve certain test and measurement tasks.[Continue reading →]

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This 60+ page brochure leverages Freescale's rich history of innovation in motor control processor solutions to simplify and speed up your motor control design projects. Learn about motor control techniques such as encoder signal processing, advanced synchronization, trapezoidal back EMF BLDC motor control, torque generation, sensorless field oriented control and more. Links are provided for reference designs, tools and processors to implement many of the described techniques.

Motor control methods described include brushless DC (BLDC), permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM), AC induction motor (ACIM), and switched reluctance motor (SRM). Specific solutions are described for appliances, fans, compressors, air conditioners, industrial drives, servo robotics, medical pumps and respirators. [Continue reading →]

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The data busses in aircraft and spacecraft require very high quality in transmission and reception since proper communication of commands and data are crucial to operation. The ARINC 429 standard used predominately in commercial aircraft and the MIL-STD-1553 bus used in military avionics and space vehicles (military and commercial) have some common characteristics as well as important differences. This paper will give useful examples of how to view, test and troubleshoot these busses using digital oscilloscopes.[Continue reading →]

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Advances in technology have brought with them ever-increasing demands for more compute power in multiple application areas. Many, but not all, of these high-performance applications are related to telecommunications, and they face similar computing problems: [Continue reading →]

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Signal Processing Applications

 

Despite the rise in popularity of wireless networks, wired serial networks like RS-485 continue to provide the most robust, reliable communication, especially in harsh environments. These well-engineered networks provide effective communication in industrial and building automation applications, which require immunity from noise, electrostatic discharge and voltage faults, all resulting in increased uptime. This tutorial reviews the RS-485 protocol and discusses why it is widely used in industrial applications and the common problems it solves. [Continue reading →]

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Real-world testing of the embedded control systems found in vehicles can be complex, expensive, and hazardous. HIL simulation lets engineers thoroughly and efficiently test embedded devices in a virtual environment.[Continue reading →]

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With the RTO-K17/RTE-K17 High Definition Option the user will see more signal details with up to 16 bit vertical resolution. In combination with the superior analog front end of the RTO and RTE, the user has a versatile instrument in his hands to analyze a wide range of applications. From Switch Mode Power Supplies to Radar RF, the user can inspect all with one scope.[Continue reading →]

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The integration of standard system simulation description languages, model-order reduction methods, and embedded software development tools into ANSYS(r) Simplorer(r) has resulted in a complete model-based development environment in which embedded software and hardware engineers can design and verify a system concurrently and in a collaborative process.[Continue reading →]

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Developing in-vehicle embedded applications is a safety, security, and quality challenge. Given that cars and trucks are increasingly connected to each other and to the devices around them, it's becoming harder and harder to ensure that software is functional and free from risk. Development teams, especially the managers who are ultimately responsible, face incredible challenges when building such applications, and are learning that team members need to do more than just catch code defects during verification and validation testing. The new imperative: Identify and address security and compliance concerns earlier in the lifecycle, all while delivering innovative and differentiating features.

Security compliance, safety compliance, and defect reduction are huge goals, not only for meeting a product's technical requirements, costs, and deadlines, but also for keeping people safe. This has never been truer than with today's increasingly software-based cars and trucks, and with the increased threat profile due to radio-based interconnectivity and sophisticated in-vehicle apps. Lean how these embedded development solutions can help improve code quality, safety, and compliance throughout the development lifecycle, from architecture to coding, and testing to deployment. [Continue reading →]

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The Symmetricom(r) SA.45s Chip Scale Atomic Clock (CSAC) is designed for field applications where atomic clocks typically have not been deployed before. It is smaller, lighter and uses less power than any previous atomic clock and is engineered to withstand higher levels of shock and vibration. This paper summarizes a series of mechanical shock and vibration tests to confirm the CSAC's hardware environmental performance. [Continue reading →]

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The need for higher power density in today's electronic systems combined with higher overall efficiency has driven many changes in the Non-isolated Point-of-Load Regulator (niPOL). In an effort to improve overall system efficiency, designers are opting to avoid multiple conversion stages to get to the regulated point-of-load voltage they need. This means that the niPOL is operated at higher input voltages with higher conversion ratios than ever before. Despite this fact, the niPOL is expected to maintain the highest efficiency and still continue to shrink the total size of the power solution. There is also the added expectation that with all other performance increases that power demand from the niPOL also further increases.[Continue reading →]

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This application note along with its corresponding white paper 1MA207 show how to use the Rohde and Schwarz radar product portfolio to tackle test and measurement tasks in modern radar technology. Target groups are students who want to become familiar with radar issues as well as radar professionals who want to solve certain test and measurement tasks.[Continue reading →]

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The difficulties facing modern embedded systems lead to one conclusion: if we are using only a CPU as a main computing engine, eventually it will choke. GPU Accelerated Computing does offloads some of the computation-intensive portions of the application.[Continue reading →]

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Wireless Data Acquisition solution with Time Synchronized Mesh Protocol (TSMP) technology, a networking protocol that forms the basis of reliable, ultra-low-power wireless sensor networking, for commercial, industrial and medical applications.[Continue reading →]

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High-performance inertial systems provide accurate platform heading information in a variety of applications and operational environments. However, the magnetometers used are susceptible to measurement distortion in the presence of any magnetic material. This white paper documents product integration and on-board calibration procedures that mitigate distortion and optimize overall product performance.[Continue reading →]

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The prevailing wisdom used to be that the replacement of key components during the mid-lifecycle design refresh was simply too costly. Those days are gone. Companies that have learned how to proactively handle mid-lifecycle changes have the competitive edge.[Continue reading →]

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Keep your competitive edge: learn how a mid-lifecycle component change can lead to greater performance and cost savings. Don't wait until the next generation of a product to add new capabilities. Today, technology is simply changing too fast to delay making a change, and advances in design and integration techniques are changing everything. There are a number of scenarios in which implementation of a mid-lifecycle design change makes sense.

In this white paper, you'll learn: - Perceived barriers to change - When and why a mid-lifecycle component change makes sense - How the right strategic partner can optimize your outcome[Continue reading →]

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Q: Should I put some sort of circuit between my sensor and an analog-to-digital converter? A: Yes. You probably need some signal conditioning. The explanation in this paper goes on for a bit, but stay with it and you'll understand what you need and why you need it.[Continue reading →]

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This white paper examines the utilization of image processing, high performance computing and networking to create systems that enhance situational awareness while reducing SWaP (size, weight and power) to increase the availability of the SA data for timely consumption and dissemination.[Continue reading →]

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GPUDirect support for RDMA provides low latency interconnectivity between NVIDIA GPUs and various networking, storage, & FPGA devices. This white paper will include how CUDA 5 technology increases GPU autonomy and promotes multi-GPU topologies with high GPU-to-CPU ratios. In addition to improved bandwidth and latency, the resulting increase in GFLOPS/watt poses a significant impact to both HPC & embedded applications. We will dig into scalable PCIe switch hierarchies, as well as software infrastructure to manage device interoperability & GPUDirect streaming.[Continue reading →]

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As learning algorithms break free from the confines of the computer rooms of research institutes and into the real world, the evolution of these algorithms is expected to progress rapidly, allowing classifiers to distinguish between an ambulance and a delivery truck, or a school bus and a van, for example.[Continue reading →]

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2016 is going to be a booming year for the IoT industry. Most company executives and managers are targeting IoT as their key strategy to help their future business growth. This could be for new market development, or it could be for improving production efficiency. Whatever the purpose, a key challenge is to close the "technical gap" between engineers and managers. Facility managers have expert knowledge of their equipment but suffer from IT departments' reluctance to "open up" their data gathered from equipment. IT departments have different challenges and ideas about "industrial automation", and there are no universal standards like in the regular IT world.[Continue reading →]

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134 pages of inspiration for your next design. When you're ready to begin your next medical device design project, start with our Medical Applications User Guide. It's filled with ideas and resources to help you on the way to developing the next breakthrough medical product.[Continue reading →]

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Easily create custom device experiences using the Windows 10 IoT Core, an optimized Windows 10 platform for small and low-cost IoT devices, offering a targeted boot experience with no Microsoft or Windows branding, and a Single LoB App model. This optimized platform provides silicon choices: x86 or ARM; suitable to target devices with lower system requirements, and provides opportunities for targeting new device types.

The benefits of the Windows 10 IoT Core: -Scalable platform: UWP extended to small devices, UD driver model, lower cost silicon, lower barrier to entry -Device connectivity: Wireless connectivity (BLE, Wi-Fi, MBB), wired connectivity (Ethernet, USB), access to busses (GPIO, I2C, SPI), AllJoyn -Security: Windows grade security for small devices, support for Trusted Platform Module -Servicing: Bring latest technology updates to small class of devices -Manageability: Manage IoT devices like any other Windows device -Cloud Integration: Build in cloud connectivity, Azure IoT services[Continue reading →]

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For many years, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) has had strict requirements about the size, weight and power (SWaP) of components and systems developed for military applications. A challenging budget environment led to a new acronym including "c" for cost, or SWaP-C. In 2012, the DOD presented a budget that was designed to "conform to the 2011 Budget Control Act's requirement to reduce Defense Department future expenditures...[even though] we still have significant gaps in modernization that will need to be filled in coming years."[Continue reading →]

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Mercury continually evaluates new processors to better understand their performance and applicability for defense embedded applications. In this paper, we've highlighted the results from our recent tests comparing Intel(r) mobile-class versus server-class processors.[Continue reading →]

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This white paper examines the utilization of image processing, high performance computing and networking to create systems that enhance situational awareness while reducing SWaP (size, weight and power) to increase the availability of the SA data for timely consumption and dissemination.[Continue reading →]

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This white paper discusses the surprisingly complex hardware and software design considerations that engineers must take into account when designing M2M products. Specific topics include; environment (indoor, outdoor, cold, heat, rain, snow, wind), mechanical form factor (size, weight, enclosure), power source (AC, DC, solar, battery), network communications (cellular, Wi-Fi, 802.11abgn, Bluetooth, ZigBee and Ethernet), interface to sensors (RS232,RS422/RS485, Digital I/O, 1-wire Interface, USB, ZigBee, Bluetooth), and embedded computer board requirements (CPU type, processor speed, operating system, data storage).

This paper also covers how to get to market on time while still meeting system target cost. An example reference application for measuring/sensing power and temperature and transmitting the data to a remote server is shown using off-the-shelf hardware.[Continue reading →]

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This paper outlines an Internet of Things (IoT) solution very similar to one implemented in an Intel manufacturing facility to show how data analytics applied to factory equipment and sensors can bring operational efficiencies and cost savings to manufacturing processes. The Intel pilot is forecasted to save millions of dollars annually along with additional return on investment business value. Likewise, this paper presents a solution that can help manufacturers benefit from the revolutionary advances in computer processing power, database technology, and tools for big data.

Dell Privacy Policy[Continue reading →]

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This handbook shows how DDCs (Digital Downconverters) and DUCs (Digital Upconverters), the fundamental building blocks of SDR, can replace legacy analog receiver and transmitter designs while offering significant benefits in performance, density and cost.[Continue reading →]

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The industrial landscape is in transformation, with systems becoming smarter, more flexible and connected as part of the Internet of Things (IoT). More than just Internet-enabled, intelligent industrial systems are sharing data in real-time and moving the world closer to Industry 4.0, a concept coined by a Germany-based group of experts in science and industry.[Continue reading →]

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This white paper details the best practices for defining optimized oil and gas embedded computing systems. It presents the advantages of using Kontron's oil and gas platforms including the company's proven history of rugged system deployments and its exceptional worldwide support organization. These advantages enable rugged performance and connectivity, simplify development for OEMs and give oil producers a competitive edge with fast, proven deployment in new and more remote geographic regions of the world.[Continue reading →]

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New! High-Speed, Real-Time Recording Systems Handbook The folks at Pentek are pleased to announce their newly released High-Speed, Real-Time Recording Systems Handbook. Recently updated to its 2nd edition, this handbook has proved to be a useful technical reference for engineers involved in data acquisition and recording. It's yours free, just click on the link to download.[Continue reading →]

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DRAM Modules are a crucial determining factor in server reliability. Defective DRAM modules during the service life corrupt data and can cause systemwide server downtime. The slightest amount of down time translates into millions of dollars of loss in revenue. ATP has recently incorporated its patent pending Test During Burn In (TDBI) System, Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) System, and the Automatic Test Equipment (ATE) into one sophisticated system. The two combined testing capabilities are intended to provide extended long-term quality and reliability of ATP industrial grade DRAM modules.

There are generally two other categories of mass-production-scale burn-in systems on the market, the conventional large thermal chambers and other proprietary tests. In Comparison to these systems, the unique advantages of the ATP TDBI and ATE combined systems are highlighted in this white paper.[Continue reading →]

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This White Paper describes the implementation of the Rohde & Schwarz (R&S) FSVR’s realtime capabilities. It shows fields of application as well as the technical implementation. The measurement speed available in today's spectrum analyzers is the result of a long evolution. But one property has survived all evolution steps: even the R&S FSV does not detect signals between the end of one sweep and the start of the next one. This gap in data acquisition, the so called "blind time", has decreased with each new spectrum analyzer generation, but it is still present.

The keys to a real-time spectrum analyzer are: · Parallel sampling and FFT calculation: The data acquisition continues while the FFTs are performed. · Fast processing of FFT algorithms: The computation speed must be high enough to avoid that "stacks" of unprocessed data are being built up. Slow FFT computation will result in an overflow of the capture memory and a subsequent data loss (= a new blind time).[Continue reading →]

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The folks at Pentek are pleased to announce their newly released High-Speed, Real-Time Recording Systems Handbook. This handbook will prove to be a useful technical reference for engineers involved in data acquisition and recording.[Continue reading →]

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Imaging technologies have revolutionized manufacturing by providing real-time analysis to help automate tasks, guide decisions, and improve efficiencies. Today, imaging products perfected for industrial applications are delivering cost and performance advantages across a widening range of markets.

For example, high-speed cameras, sensors, and processors have enabled the development of intelligent transportation systems that monitor and manage highways and rail lines. In the hospital operating room, real-time video networks integrate different image sources to help guide procedures and provide staff with comprehensive patient data.[Continue reading →]

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This whitepaper examines how GigE Vision(r) video interfaces help designers and integrators reduce the cost and complexity of military imaging systems, while also improving usability and increasing intelligence for end-users.[Continue reading →]

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Video-centric systems are used to capture specific video data and switch the video data to displays for viewing, and store for later analysis. The basic video-centric system consists of multiple video sensors (typically cameras), multiple operator displays and storage to capture the video. A video-centric system may be stationary or mobile. This paper gives a brief introduction to stationary systems with further focus on mobile applications.[Continue reading →]

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The most effective video management systems (VMS) for airborne law enforcement surveillance enable a platform's crew members to control their video options - such as sensor inputs, screen configuration, underlay maps and video recording - directly from their touchscreen display. When a crew member's display also serves as the VMS control center, complete control of surveillance video comes at the touch of a button.[Continue reading →]

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This white paper examines the utilization of image processing, high performance computing and networking to create systems that enhance situational awareness while reducing SWaP (size, weight and power) to increase the availability of the SA data for timely consumption and dissemination.[Continue reading →]

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This paper describes and illustrates some of the many applications for which the GE Intelligent Platforms ICS-8580 rugged video processor is an ideal solution for unmanned vehicle platforms -- in the air, on the ground and in the water.[Continue reading →]

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While there are several methods of detecting movement and measuring the direction and the velocity of motion, the method that most resembles those human capabilities of visual input is the use of imaging sensors and automated target tracking hardware. Most autonomous or remotely piloted systems already have imaging sensors on-board, so the addition of an automated target tracking capability builds upon capabilities that are already resident in the platform.[Continue reading →]

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The right choice for a GPGPU platform depends on several factors. Two approaches can be taken when implementing a GPGPU design: chip-down and mezzanine. GE Intelligent Platforms supports both design methods, allowing customers to choose the right approach for their program, including getting started with software design and system validation using early-access GPUs on MXMs, then migrating to chip-down designs later in the cycle when the program goes to production.[Continue reading →]

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Signal Processing Techniques

 

This paper describes and illustrates some of the many applications for which the GE Intelligent Platforms ICS-8580 rugged video processor is an ideal solution for unmanned vehicle platforms -- in the air, on the ground and in the water.[Continue reading →]

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With the introduction of High Definition (HD) video, much higher data rates need to be recorded and moved around in the digital domain meaning new technologies have had to be developed in order to accommodate these higher specification video streams.[Continue reading →]

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Today, consumers want to enjoy full surround-sound audio experiences in the privacy of their own homes. SRS Labs can provide this, plus up to 6.1 discrete channels of surround sound over traditional two-channel distribution systems for broadcasters and content providers through its Circle Surround II Technology. Familiar to many, Santa Ana, CA-based SRS develops and licenses solutions for audio, voice, surround sound, and semiconductor applications. One popular SRS product, WOW, reduces the “tinny” sound often experienced with small speakers, and enhances the bass performance of compressed audio, such as MP3 files.

SRS chose 32-bit floating-point SHARC processors from Analog Devices, Inc. (ADI) as the platform for its CS II algorithms because of the processor’s high-performance, rich audio feature set, and well-earned reputation in the audio market.SRS chose 32-bit floating-point SHARC processors from Analog Devices, Inc. (ADI) as the platform for its CS II algorithms because of the processor’s high-performance, rich audio feature set, and well-earned reputation in the audio market.[Continue reading →]

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The combination of the DRS SI-9146 Dual Tuner and the VMETRO Phoenix VPF1 VXS DSP engine demonstrates a low-risk approach to the development of Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) and Electronic Warfare (EW) systems that are deployed in air-cooled and rugged conduction-cooled environments. [Continue reading →]

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Given its ability to extend signal reach and reduce pin count, PCIe will quickly become the CPU port protocol of choice. The availability of multiple CPUs with PCIe ports, including the CPU and house-keeper types favored in communications systems, will lead to a rapid adoption of PCIe in the on-card control plane. Wherever a CPU on one card controls devices directly on another card, PCIe be used to extend the control protocol across the backplane as a natural extension of the on-card model.[Continue reading →]

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